How Does a Refrigerator Work?

Most homeowners don’t give too much thought to the parts of a refrigerator unless it breaks down, or unless it is time to buy a new one. To guarantee you get the most out of this kitchen appliance it can be extremely useful to know exactly how a refrigerator keeps your food cool—and Action Appliance Repair is here to explain.

Continue reading to learn what you might need to know about how a refrigerator works, how it cools your food and if it is the time to connect with refrigerator repair Akron.

Parts of a Refrigerator

You will not find many houses that don’t have a refrigerator in the kitchen. It’s been a must-own appliance for many years now. A refrigerator stores your food at the optimal temperature, in order to eliminate rotting and limit the growth of bacteria. The process of refrigeration works by transferring the heat from the inside of the unit to the outside, using principles of condensation and evaporation.

The parts of your refrigerator are below. For questions or service call Action Appliance Repair:


A compressor is a combination of a motor and a pump, and it is need for circulation of refrigerant dispersed in the cooling system.
The compressor is a very important part of a refrigerator. You should call on a professional company if the compressor is broken.


A refrigerator condenser is attached on the back exterior panel of the refrigerator and is there to release the warmth collected from within the refrigerator out to the air.


A refrigerator evaporator is stored on the inside of the refrigerator where it absorbs warmth contained within it, thereby reducing the temperature inside the appliance.

The moment an evaporator stops working, it is time to enlist a professional. Do not wait too long.

Expansion Device

Liquid coolant is transferred within a capillary tube which acts as an expansion tool to cool the gas inside, turning it back into a liquid.


The thermostat exists to regulate the temperature inside a refrigerator, starting the cooling cycle when appropriate.

A thermostat inside of a refrigerator is often prone to problems. Troubleshoot and call a repairman in Akron for service the moment a problem occurs.

How Does Refrigeration Work?

1. The moment the temperature in the interior of the refrigerator is higher than the set point sensors notify the compressor to engage, and then the cool down starts. The appliance attracts the cold liquid refrigerant, then pressurizes and condenses the liquid, and raises the temperature, turning it into a gas.

2. The compressor unit directs the warm gas towards the refrigerator condenser coils located on the back of the unit, where it comes in contact with the lower temperature in the kitchen and transforms back to a liquid form.

3. The cool liquified gas then continues its trip to the refrigerator evaporator component, traveling through the many coils within the appliance and top freezer section.

4. The refrigerant absorbs the warm air from inside the refrigerator, lowering the temperature down to the best final point.

5. The liquid then will evaporate, and will return back to a gas form, and then returns to the refrigerator compressor so it can continue the cycle.

Refrigeration technology is often used in quite a few applications and appliances, this includes heat pumps, AC units, refrigerators and residential freezers. By contracting warmth from one location and then distributing it to elsewhere the cycle of refrigeration aids in cooling a house, provides a optimal environment for perishable food, and also helps with the manufacturing and storage of a number of different everyday products and materials.

Need Refrigerator Repair?

Think your refrigerator need professional attention? You can schedule an appointment with Action Appliance Repair.

Action Appliance Repair can repair most major brands and models of refrigerators – including commercial models, stand-alone and side-by-side.Our technicians in Akron complete training to troubleshoot and repair problems with cooling, broken ice makers, issues with condensation, water puddles and leaks, lighting, touch panels, smart technology and other malfunctions. We know all there is to know about refrigerator repair! We really do!